Hi Mr. Myers,
That all depends on what species you’re targeting. If you’re targeting pelagic fish like Spanish Mackerel, Kingfish, Tuna, Bonito, or Wahoo, it’s best to have your chum bag tied off at a boat cleat. This will move the chum out along the surface and slowly down the water column, covering most of the water column where the pelagic species would be searching or roaming for food. If you’re targeting bottom reef fish like Grouper, Snapper, Grunts, Hogfish, etc., you’re better off sinking your chum bag down to the bottom.
There are several ways you can get the chum bag to the bottom, such as a weighted chum cage or even tying it off to your anchor. Tying off your chum bag at the anchor and letting out scope (anchor line) will allow your chum to drift under the boat and settle some fish at your stern. You could also use both chum methods simultaneously, one at the bottom and one at the top, thus increasing the species you’re catching. Fresh ground chum is always a great way to chum, but frozen chum blocks are convenient and also work well. Another good chumming method is to use a kitchen shear to cut live baits from the baitwell into little pieces and chumming them into the tide flow. There are times when this method works better because the chum is fresh, bloody, oily, and shiny.
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